GEAG’s Operations in Bihar
Bihar has been an important geographical focus area for GEAG’s interventions since a decade. Largely, GEAG’s initiatives have focussed on climate change adaptation, disaster management planning, urban climate change resilience, climate resilient agriculture and sustainable livelihoods. A glimpse of the projects implemented/under implementation in Bihar is presented below:
- Adaptive Capacity and Livelihood Resilience: Adaptive Strategies for Responding to Floods and Droughts in South Asia (2004)
The Adaptive Strategies Project, supported by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was the result of a unique collaboration that attempted to understand and disaggregate the factors which enable communities to adapt to floods, droughts, and climatic variability by examining the courses of action households actually take during these events and locating the insights generated in a wider review of regional trends, government programs, and systems theory. Although focused on floods and droughts, many of the insights generated through the research have potential relevance for other contexts where livelihood systems are disrupted and adaptation is essential. The research on flood affected areas was done in three river basins – the Rohini, the Rapti and the Bagmati in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
- Climate Change and Food Security in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (2006-2009)
This project aimed at assessment of vulnerability of food system and improving policy responses for enhancing adaptive capacity of food system of Indo-Gangetic plain with the support of Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research-Japan (APN), Nepal Water Conservation Foundation, Nepal (NWCF) and Global Environmental Change and Food System-UK (GECAFS). This project was implemented in five sites of four South Asian Countries. In India, Ludhiana and Bihar were research sites and GEAG led the project in Vaishali district of Bihar.
- This project aimed at assessment of vulnerability of food system and improving policy responses for enhancing adaptive capacity of food system of Indo-Gangetic plain with the support of Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research-Japan (APN), Nepal Water Conservation Foundation, Nepal (NWCF) and Global Environmental Change and Food System-UK (GECAFS). This project was implemented in five sites of four South Asian Countries. In India, Ludhiana and Bihar were research sites and GEAG led the project in Vaishali district of Bihar.
This project in being implemented in Saharsa city of Bihar apart from other two cities, namely, Bashirhat in West Bengal and Jorhat in Assam. The goal of the project is to build sustainable capacity of GEAG for leading UCCR initiatives in Eastern India by assisting the three cities in carrying out the vulnerability analysis and developing city resilience strategies through multi stakeholder engagement. This project is largely focussing on capacity building of local partners and GEAG’s staff on Urban Climate Change issues.
- Developing Climate Resilient Livelihood and Community Resource Institutions model by Integrated Ecosystem Management Approach (2013-2016)
GEAG, with the support of Tata Social Welfare Trust (TSWT), Mumbai is implementing a project in West Champaran district of Bihar and Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh on building hands-on community based climate resilient livelihood models with an ecosystem management approach for small and marginal and woman farmers. This is being done through improvisation and strengthening the ecosystem helping rural marginalised communities, developing and capacitating community institution and harnessing the learning and replication at local level and in other climate stressed areas.
- Integrating Conservation and Sustainable Livelihoods of Marginalized Communities using Appropriate Interventions around Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary, Bihar (2014-2017)
This project, being implemented in Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary, positioned in the northern most part of the West Champaran district of Bihar with the support of Department of Science and Technology, Government of India aims to demonstrate innovative approaches and mechanisms based on appropriate technical inputs with a synergy of technical knowhow and indigenous knowledge, linked to local resources.
- Preparation of District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP) in the Districts of Bihar (2015-2016)
GEAG has been engaged by Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA), to develop multi-hazard District Disaster Management Plans (DDMPs) in 4 districts of Bihar, namely, Supaul, Madhepura, Bhojpur and Saharsa. These districts are home to more than six lakh people (Census, 2011) and most of them live in rural areas. These are the most vulnerable districts in terms of geophysical, climatological and hydro-meteorological risk. The plan is being developed in close collaboration with BSDMA and the concerned district administration.